An Overview of Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Hypertension also known as high blood pressure is one of the most common known medical problems. It does not however cause any symptoms and can be diagnosed in the early stages itself. Hypertension is also known to be a leading cause of stroke, heart attack and kidney disease and other various serious medical problems.

As Hypertension is very common and comes with certain consequences, it is also important that one has their blood pressure checked periodically.

What are the different types of Hypertension?

Primary Hypertension: Most of the adults suffer from what is called primary hypertension, and it develops gradually over the years. Unless monitored, you may not even know that you are experiencing a problem that could eventually lead to organ damage.

Secondary Hypertension: This kind of hypertension refers to hypertension that is caused by medication or another condition. In most of cases, secondary hypertension happens suddenly and as compared to primary hypertension, may cause a higher elevation in blood pressure. Some of the causes of secondary hypertension include kidney disease, thyroid disorders, alcohol abuse, tumors of the adrenal gland.

What are the causes of Hypertension?

Age: As you grow older, so does the risk of hypertension. There are a number of effects of aging that can be related to Hypertension and that includes hormonal changes in women such as menopause, increased sensitivity to salt and other various dietary factors. Found more common in people who are above 60 years age, blood pressure can increase steadily as arteries tend to become stiffer and narrower because of the plaque buildup.

Being Overweight: If you are overweight, then there are chances in developing hypertension. If your lifestyle habits contribute to your weight gain or you have a genetic predisposition to be overweight, then you have a greater tendency to developing hypertension.

Genetic Factors: Genetic factors also play an important role in high blood pressure. It is also likely that people with family history of high blood pressure have common environments and also other certain factors that increase their risk of hypertension.

Diabetes: If you have diabetes, it can increase your risk of hypertension. This may be due to the effect of diabetes on functioning of kidney. People who suffer from diabetes generally can develop hypertension before it impacts on kidneys.

What are the symptoms of Hypertension?

There aren’t any major symptoms for hypertension and often it is called the “silent killer”. But if it remains undetected, it can always cause damage to cardiovascular system and also to the internal organs.

Following are the symptoms of severe hypertension and may require immediate medical attention. But these symptoms don’t occur in everyone who suffers from hypertension. That wouldn’t also mean that you should wait for a symptom of this condition to appear. The best way to treat hypertension is to get regular blood pressure checkups with your doctor.

 Bleeding from the nose
 Headaches
 Shortness of breath
 Chest pain
 Blood in Urine

What are the complications of Hypertension?

Following are the few complications that can arise if hypertension is left untreated

 Stroke
 Heart Failure
 Heart Attack
 Damage to blood vessels
 Eye Damage and vision loss
 Kidney failure

How is Hypertension diagnosed?

Hypertension can be diagnosed in a very simple way through a blood pressure reading. Most of the clinics and hospitals do a blood pressure check up as part of a routine visit. If your doctor finds your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may ask you to get more readings over the course of a few weeks. Just with one reading, the doctor may not be able to diagnose if you have hypertension or not. As blood pressure levels change throughout the day and your environment also contributes the increased blood pressure, the doctor will ask for several readings.

If the blood pressure of yours remains on the higher side, the doctor may ask you to take more tests to rule out any other underlying conditions. The test may include urine test, cholesterol screening, ultrasound of your heart or kidney etc.

What is the treatment of hypertension?

Medical Treatment

Blood pressure can be best regulated through a healthy diet before it reaches the stage of hypertension. But there are a range of treatment options too. You need to meet a doctor for medical advice. Your doctor will prescribe the right medications, depending on the medical condition. And it is very necessary that you take the medicines regularly that have been prescribed by your doctor.

Regular exercise

Doctors always recommend patients who suffer from hypertension to engage in any moderate-intensity exercise for 30 minutes. This can include walking, jogging etc. for 4 to 5 days of the week.

Stress reduction

One should avoid stress or should be able to manage unavoidable stress. By doing so, blood pressure can be easily controlled. If you regularly follow an exercise routine daily, that can bring about a tremendous change in the blood pressure levels. But before you start any exercise regimen, it is better you consult your doctor for the same.

What are the precautions to prevent hypertension?

You can avoid a hypertension diagnosis if you make the following lifestyle changes
 Maintain a healthy weight
 Eat a balanced diet
 Cut back on salt
 Exercise regularly
 Limit the alcohol
 Monitor your blood pressure

Why Ravi Hospital?

At the Ravi hospital, we have an exclusive team of high blood pressure specialists who are highly qualified, trained and experienced to treat hypertension with the right treatment. We truly understand that every individual is unique and we take care to provide personalized care and therapy. Ravi Hospital is the best hospital for treating Hypertension in Kukatpally that provides exclusive Hypertension Treatment in KPHB. We also help individual patients with the required instructions to control their high blood pressure by advising them on appropriate lifestyle habits, medication and constant personal patient follow-up to ensure that the patient’s condition is stable and the blood pressure is under control.

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