The appendix is a narrow tubular pouch attached to the intestines, that can get inflamed when blocked. The inflamed appendix also known as appendicitis is a surgical emergency.
When the inflamed appendix is infected with bacteria it begins to die from lack of blood supply and result in the rupture of the appendix.
A survey suggests a higher incidence rate among 16-30 year age group followed by 31- 45 and 1-15 years. The incidence of appendicitis and appendectomy is generally higher in females; It is the most common pediatric condition.
The cause is unknown, however, fecal material is thought to be one possible cause for obstruction of the appendix. Infection caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites can lead to the swelling of the tissues of the appendix wall.
Signs of appendicitis begins with a vague pain in the middle of the abdomen, near the navel. In the next 24 hour-period, the pain slowly moves to the right lower abdomen. Symptoms of appendicitis may take 4 to 48 hours to develop. In severe cases, the abdominal pain may be accompanied by:
The diagnosis of appendicitis in children and the elderly is a challenge with fewer symptoms leading to more frequent complications. Diagnosis is done through:
Appendicitis cannot be treated at home. If you suspect appendicitis, seek immediate medical care or emergency services. The treatment for appendicitis is always a surgery or appendectomy, to remove appendicitis before it ruptures.
The surgery is done under general anesthesia through laparoscopy, a minimally invasive procedure. It’s a keyhole surgery done with a small incision in the abdomen. The appendix is removed with the assistance of a camera guided by the surgeon. In some cases, an open abdominal procedure may be required to remove the appendix.
Recovery from an uncomplicated appendectomy can vary from 2 to 6 weeks. The individual may gradually resume a normal diet. Physical activity may be restricted for two to four weeks. The incision will be inspected for possible wound infection, after a week.
You must seek a doctor’s advice if you experience acute symptoms of middle/lower or right/lower abdominal pain with fever and/or vomiting.
If abdominal pain continues beyond four hours, seeking urgent medical attention or emergency service is highly recommended.
Ravi Hospital has senior gastroenterologists like Dr. Pavan Kumar (M.S), Dr. Pandu Ranga Rao (M.D.DM) and Dr. Y. Nagarjuna Kumar (M.D.D.M) who are experienced and are highly qualified to make the right diagnosis and provide effective treatment. Ravi Hospital has done over 1000 successful appendicitis surgeries ( appendectomies) over the last decade.
Ravi Hospital provides Laparoscopic surgeries. A laparoscope is an advanced surgical technique, that reduces patient discomfort, improves speedy recovery, with minimal scars from small incisions. Our doctors are experts at laparoscopic surgeries.
The hospital is equipped with round-the-clock Intensive Care Unit, Critical care team, laboratory and CT Scan services, makes a possible quick diagnosis and efficient surgery and post-operative care. They are patient-centric and offer affordable services.